Classes offered by faculty of Nano-Optics and Optoelectronics Research Laboratory
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MIC630 Fundamentals of Photonics

Instructor: Marcus Dahlem
Pre-requisites: Fundamental knowledge of optics and/or electromagnetic wave theory. Some experience with Matlab is desired.
Next time offered:  Fall 2013


Brief Description:

The field of Photonics describes the use of light to perform functions that were traditionally under the domain of Electronics, such as computing, data storage, information processing and telecommunications. In particular, silicon photonics allows the integration of optical and electronics devices on the same integrated microchip. This course covers the basic concepts needed for understanding, designing and simulating the basic passive building blocks for such photonic integrated circuits (PICs). A quick review of ray and wave optics is presented, along with electromagnetic wave propagation in isotropic media. Planar and two-dimensional dielectric waveguides are discussed, as well as an introduction to photonic crystals. The theory of ring resonators and optical add/drop multiplexers (OADM) is also presented, and some optical architectures for interconnects, routers and switches is explored. Numerical simulations on Matlab and MEEP (a finite difference time domain software) are also be covered. An invited speaker working in the silicon photonics industry will be giving a guest lecture.


Lecture schedule, by week:

Week 1: Introduction and overview; course description and structure; overview of silicon photonics and electronic-photonic integrated circuits; review of ray optics.
Week 2: Review of wave optics.
Week 3: Maxwell's equations in isotropic media; the Gaussian beam; basics of beam propagation method with simple Matlab implementation.
Week 4: Electromagnetic waves and interfaces.
Week 5: Absorption and dispersion; polarization states and Jones calculus.
Week 6: Basics of photonic crystals; planar waveguides.
Week 7: Two-dimensional waveguides; coupled-mode theory.
Week 8: Mid-term break
Week 9: Mid-term; optical coupling in waveguides.
Week 10: Ring resonators.
Week 11: Add/drop filters using ring resonators.
Week 12: Optical interconnects, routers and switches; guest speaker from IBM Research.
Week 13: FDTD and MEEP (MIT Electromagnetic Equation Propagation) software.
Week 14: Propagation in dielectric waveguides using MEEP; ring resonators and add/drop filters using MEEP.
Week 15: One-dimensional photonic crystal and bandgap calculation using MEEP.
Week 16: Final exam

Course Grading:
  • 30% Homework
  • 20% Mid-term exam
  • 20% Computer project
  • 30% Final Exaam
Out-of class assignments
  • Ten homework assignments, each due at the end of the week following its assignment date.
  • Two simple numerical simulation projects assigned in weeks 3 and 12, due two weeks after assigned.

Course Materials
Textbooks
  • B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, 2nd Edition, Wiley, 2007. ISBN: 978-0-471-35832-9
Recommended Readings
General:
  • E. Hecht, Optics, 4th Edition, Addison Wesley, 2001. ISBN: 978 0 805 38566-3
  • A. Yariv and Pochi Yeh, Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, 6th Edition, Oxford University Press, 2006. ISBN: 978-0-195-17946-0
  • H. A. Haus, Waves and Fields in Optoelectronics, Prentice Hall, 1983. ISBN: 978-0-139-46053-1
Introductory:
  • F. L. Pedrotti, L. M. Pedrotti, and L. S. Pedrotti, Introduction to Optics, 3rd Edition, Benjamin Cummings, 2006. ISBN: 978-0-131-49933-1
Electromagnetic Theory:
  • J. A. Kong, Electromagnetic Wave Theory, EMW Publishing, 2000. ISBN: 978-0-966-81439-2
Photonic crystals:
  • J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd Edition, Princeton University Press, 2008. ISBN: 978-0-691-12456-8
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