Classes offered by faculty of Nano-Optics and Optoelectronics Research Laboratory

FDN475 Introduction to Photonic Technology

Instructor: Marcus Dahlem, Anatoly Khilo
Next time offered:  Fall 2013

Brief description:

Students will gain an understanding on photonics technology, building from electromagnetic first principles to basic circuit elements and their analysis in circuits, to the study of wave propagation and their confinement in waveguides. The principles of operation of lasers, optical fibers and sensing systems based upon these will be approached. An introduction to the technology of fabrication of photonic components will be given, as well as a set of lab experiments showcasing the optical theory discussed in classes.

Lecture schedule, by week:

Week 1: Introduction to photonics; photonic technologies and applications Ray optics; basic optical elements and their ray transfer matrices
Week 2: Maxwell's equations; electric and magnetic fields; constitutive equations Lorentz force law; Coulomb's law; Faraday's law; Lenz law
Week 3: Electric devices: resistor, capacitor, inductor; linear circuit analysis. Thevenin and Norton's theorem
Week 4: Wave equation; plane waves; dispersion relation
Energy and Poynting vector; energy conservation
Week 5: Polarization
Boundary conditions
Reflection and transmission at the interface; Brewster angle; total internal reflection
Week 6: Interference
Optical waveguides
Week 7: Integrated optics; fiber optics transmission systems
Diffraction; diffraction integral and paraxial approximation
Week 8: Lens
Diffraction gratings
Week 9: Midterm Exam
Lab 1: Michelson Interferometer
Week 10: Basics of light-matter interaction; rate equations
Optical amplification
Introduction to lasers
Week 11: Semiconductor devices: P-N junction, diode, photodiode, transistor
Lab 2: Diffraction. Sub-micrometer scale optical metrology
Week 12: Semiconductor photonics: photovoltaic cells, light-emitting diodes and laser diodes
Lab 3: Optical fiber sensors
Week 13: Fabrication of photonic devices: Selection of substrates and deposition techniques; lithography; etching and metal lift-off; Doping and annealing; lapping & polishing; scribing and cleaving.
Week 14: Overview of CMOS technology
Week 15: Final Exam

Course Grading:
  • 40% Homework/Quizzes (including lab assignments)
  • 30% Mid-term exam
  • 30% Final Exaam
Course Materials
  • B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, 2nd Edition, Wiley, 2007. ISBN: 978-0-471-35832-9
Recommended Readings
  • S.L. Chuang, Physics of Photonic Devices, 2nd Edition, Wiley, 2009. ISBN: 978-0-470-29319-5
  • Howe, R. T., and C. G. Sodini. Microelectronics: An Integrated Approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1996. ISBN: 0135885183.