


FDN475 Introduction to Photonic Technology
Instructor:  Marcus Dahlem, Anatoly Khilo 
Next time offered:  Fall 2013 
Brief description:
Students will gain an understanding on photonics technology, building from electromagnetic first principles to basic circuit elements and their analysis in circuits, to the study of wave propagation and their confinement in waveguides. The principles of operation of lasers, optical fibers and sensing systems based upon these will be approached. An introduction to the technology of fabrication of photonic components will be given, as well as a set of lab experiments showcasing the optical theory discussed in classes.
Lecture schedule, by week:
Week 1: 
Introduction to photonics; photonic technologies and applications
Ray optics; basic optical elements and their ray transfer matrices

Week 2: 
Maxwell's equations; electric and magnetic fields; constitutive equations
Lorentz force law; Coulomb's law; Faraday's law; Lenz law

Week 3: 
Electric devices: resistor, capacitor, inductor; linear circuit analysis. Thevenin and Norton's theorem

Week 4: 
Wave equation; plane waves; dispersion relation
Energy and Poynting vector; energy conservation

Week 5: 
Polarization
Boundary conditions
Reflection and transmission at the interface; Brewster angle; total internal reflection

Week 6: 
Interference
Optical waveguides

Week 7: 
Integrated optics; fiber optics transmission systems
Diffraction; diffraction integral and paraxial approximation

Week 8: 
Lens
Diffraction gratings

Week 9: 
Midterm Exam
Lab 1: Michelson Interferometer

Week 10: 
Basics of lightmatter interaction; rate equations
Optical amplification
Introduction to lasers

Week 11: 
Semiconductor devices: PN junction, diode, photodiode, transistor
Lab 2: Diffraction. Submicrometer scale optical metrology

Week 12: 
Semiconductor photonics: photovoltaic cells, lightemitting diodes and laser diodes
Lab 3: Optical fiber sensors

Week 13: 
Fabrication of photonic devices: Selection of substrates and deposition techniques; lithography; etching and metal liftoff; Doping and annealing; lapping & polishing; scribing and cleaving.

Week 14: 
Overview of CMOS technology

Week 15: 
Final Exam

Course Grading:
 40% Homework/Quizzes (including lab assignments)
 30% Midterm exam
 30% Final Exaam
Course Materials
Textbooks
 B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, 2nd Edition, Wiley, 2007. ISBN: 9780471358329
Recommended Readings
 S.L. Chuang, Physics of Photonic Devices, 2nd Edition, Wiley, 2009. ISBN: 9780470293195
 Howe, R. T., and C. G. Sodini. Microelectronics: An Integrated Approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1996. ISBN: 0135885183.




